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Eutrophication is one of the several ecological problems visible on the surface of water bodies. Eutrophication is characterized by a layer of abnormally growing algae on the water surface and has several harmful effects. Before knowing about the harmful effects, one must properly know about the eutrophication process and its causes.
What is Eutrophication?
The process of eutrophication can be defined as the enrichment of water bodies by phosphorus and nitrogen nutrients. Due to the enrichment, dense algae and other floating plants like nile cabbage and water hyacinths grows abnormally on the water surface. The causes of eutrophication can be varying. Some of the most important causes of eutrophication include:
In general, human activities have sped up the process of eutrophication and have resulted in several environmental problems discussed below.
Effects of Eutrophication
Eutrophication has several harmful effects on the environment and natural life cycles of organisms. Some of the most prominent consequences of eutrophication are discussed below.
Reducing water transparency and degrading recreational opportunities are few other important effects of eutrophication. Various efforts are already been implemented to reduce the effects of eutrophication. T