CHAPTER 4 CARBON AND ITS COMPOUNDS
Carbon atom forms covalent bonds. Covalent bonds are formed by sharing of an electron pair between two atoms.
VERSATILE NATURE OF CARBON ATOMS
The ability of carbon to form chains gives rise to a homologous series of compounds in which the same functional group is attached to carbon chains at different lengths.
The functional groups such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids lead to the carbon compound having characteristic properties.
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